Menstrual cramps: Causes, Symptoms and Medications

Have a menstrual cramps is a part of this period, however, these can be severe or mild, and it is important to know everything about these pains so that, when they occur, do not change the quality of life.

menstrual Cramps typically present as abdominal pain during or before the start of the menstrual period, the menstrual cycle can be different for every woman, or every body is different and, in some cases, this period can be a little difficult in terms of symptoms that occur or in other cases the discomfort can be very light.

Cause of menstrual cramps

The source of your pain or colic is due to the contractions that occur in the uterus, this by the release of substances called rostaglandinas, which sensitize nerve endings to pain. Generally, all women have experienced these menstrual cramps and usually the pain is present in the abdomen, but can also feel on the thighs, back, there are other symptoms that may present as headaches, nausea, dizziness, diarrhea.

what you should know about menstrual cramps

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  • colic is normal, it is part of the period, only the intensity is that will vary, because these can be mild or severe
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  • Normally, the menstrual cramps should disappear after 48 hours, if it passes, is that you are suffering from a menstrual disorder known as dysmenorrhea
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  • If you have a good diet , you can avoid cramps severe, and if it is balanced and healthy, you can prevent these pains from changing the quality of life

painful Periods menstrual cramps

As mentioned, the cramps are normal during menstruation, but if they are too strong or severe, and are accompanied by other symptoms such as dizziness, diarrhea, acute abdominal pain , pain in the back, and swelling, may be suffering from a condition known as dysmenorrhea , characterized by pain, frequent and very severe.

what causes and what is dysmenorrhea?

Within the classification of this disorder can be primary or secondary, and if it is the primary means that always suffered since the beginning of the menstrual period, and so it will be up to that lead, and if it is secondary, may be due mainly to the suffering of a disease such as endometriosis or pelvic, among others.

Depending on the type of dysmenorrhea that you have, the most common type is that you experience uterine contractions abnormal (menstrual cramps), and this is the result of a chemical imbalance of the body, in general, all women are vulnerable or prone to If you are a smoker, if you abuse alcohol during the menstrual period, suffer from overweight and obesity , are factors which can cause menstrual cramps to be severe. If you suffer from this disorder or think that you do, it is best to go to the doctor to receive the best treatment and receive all the necessary guidelines.

What are the symptoms of dysmenorrhea?

Each body can present them in a different way, but, in general, are:

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  • menstrual Cramps in the lower abdomen that accompany the intense pain in the lower abdomen
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  • Diarrhea
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  • Nausea
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  • Vomiting
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  • Fatigue
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  • back Pain
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  • Weakness
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  • headaches
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  • In some cases, there may be fainting

Even if you have these symptoms, to a sure and precise diagnosis, it is necessary to go to the doctor.

How to fight against the pain of menstrual cramps

Each menstrual period should not be a nightmare or cause a stop in the daily work accomplished, it has to be the worst day of the month, there are certain symptoms that are a clear sign that this period is about to begin, are sensitive in the breasts, bloating, abdominal pain, hip pain sharp, lower back, cramping, headaches and the inevitable movements of mood, but all is not lost, here are some suggestions of what you can do to avoid that these days to change your lifestyle :

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  • Exercise, it will help you to prevent menstrual cramps severe
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  • Eat healthy, avoid foods rich in fat and stay away from salt
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  • Drink water, it is not only a fundamental part of the healthy habits, but also helps to prevent the inflammation and abdominal fluid retention
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  • Take time to massage your belly, back and legs
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  • Increase your vegetable consumption and fruit

What medicines you can take to alleviate menstrual cramps?

Currently, there are a number of prescription medicines that can be used to relieve the discomfort caused by menstrual cramps. These can be:

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  • Ibuprofen
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  • Naproxen sodium
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  • Buscapina Compound

These drugs may serve as an ally to the reduction of this pain, however, is different if you suffer from dysmenorrhea, because the doctor having made a diagnosis, it will propose the best treatment to follow, usually this is:

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  • Antidepressants
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  • Antibiotics
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  • birth control Pills
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  • anti-inflammatory
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  • pain Relievers

The majority of the prescriptions prescribed. Do not self-medicate, if you suffer from menstrual cramps severe, go to the doctor, the abuse of medication can put your health at risk.

Tips for combating menstrual cramps

Regardless of how severe or mild are these cólicos, the fact is that they are annoying and make us a bad day, so here are some tips that you can follow to ease the discomfort:

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  • Apply hot compresses on the abdominal area, you can use a bottle or a damp cloth
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  • Avoid alcohol in those days
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  • do Not smoke
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  • Choose foods rich in complex carbohydrates (fruits, vegetables, whole grains)
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  • Stay away from salt
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  • Exercise, without a doubt, when you suffer those cólicos, you least want to practice a physical activity, however, it is proven that it helps in the relief of menstrual cramps
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  • Avoid sudden changes of temperature, the heat helps in reducing pain caused by chills, so avoid being in cold places or where there are drafts. Stir well, especially in the cold season
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  • to Practice some activities such as yoga, pilates, these are just some alternatives that can help in the relief of menstrual cramps, as well as to avoid
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  • Drink infusions hot
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  • massage in a circular in the area of the belly
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  • Take hot showers

When to go to the doctor for menstrual cramps

please Note, this type of pain, it is essential to identify when something is not right, here a few guidelines to follow that will help you know when it is necessary to contact a specialist:

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  • abdominal Pain
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  • menstrual Cramps heavy for more than 48 hours
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  • heavy Bleeding
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  • menstrual Periods irregular
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  • If, after taking medication or using a home remedy, colic does not decrease
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  • If the vaginal discharge increases and smells bad
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  • If menstrual cramps are accompanied by fever, dizziness, diarrhea
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  • pelvic Pain
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  • menstrual Cramps abnormal, that is, if they occur, and are days strong before the start of the cycle, or if they are very intense even after the end of the period

there Can be different causes that cause menstrual cramps to be very strong, often a diet low in nutrients, inactivity, genetic inheritance, stress, illness, eating disorders, obesity, among other causes, to enhance your healthy lifestyle, it is essential, as it not only will serve to have an ideal weight, or to prevent the development of diseases, strengthen the body, among other benefits, can also make the cramps are mild.

Guides ovulation and ovarian

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  • Symptoms of ovulation
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  • ovarian Cysts

home Remedies to treat menstrual cramps

did You know that many of the foods that we consume contain properties and benefits that help with the relief of cramps?

Here are some of the remedies most popular and effective that you can use to combat these cramps uncomfortable.

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  • Apply essential oils (juniper, lavender, jasmine, chamomile, etc.) along with the almond oil in the belly area, giving massages light will be of great help
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  • Take an infusion of chamomile during the day you should drink several cups
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  • Add a cup of hot milk, a little fresh ginger, I added at least an hour before drinking
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  • Use arnica, can be used, in various ways, such as ointment or ointment, infusion
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  • Cinnamon, without a doubt, it is another remedy that should not be missing when it comes to combat the pain caused by menstrual cramps, to prepare a good cup of tea of cinnamon
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  • Oregano is already known as one of the popular medications are the most effective for combating menstrual pain, just prepare this condiment and take several cups per day

The menstrual cramps can be completely eliminated?

there is no miracle cure or treatment that causes every 28 days to avoid these cramps, however, there are many remedies that can be used, as well as drugs that, without doubt, help you with this, these are just options that will be of benefit to avoid that worse, in addition to reducing the symptoms that accompany them.

it Is part of the menstrual cycle suffer with these cólicos, however, with the passing of time, the body is going through changes, and yes, with the passage of age, these cólicos are decreasing.

Diet to treat menstrual cramps

The type of power supply is closely linked to these menstrual cramps. The type of food we eat and the diet that follows may benefit or worsen the condition of menstrual cramps, to prevent it becoming worse, we should avoid foods that are spicy, high in saturated fats, such as margarine, red meat , processed foods, etc.

Choose foods rich in fiber, such as vegetables and fruits, not only help you to function optimally for the body, but also if the diet is rich in nutrients. This being balanced , it may help to have a menstrual period less painful. Limit the consumption of coffee drinks and stimulants.

Cramps during pregnancy?

sometimes, an abdominal pain can be confused with menstrual cramps, however, as is well known, during the period of pregnancy the menstrual cycle is stopped, therefore, leaves no reason, beyond what we know as cramps, however, in some cases, they may present and this is completely abnormal, then you should consult and immediately go to the doctor to be able to discard any type of disease or change that is being presented to you, and that might put in danger the life of the mother and of the mother of the child.

Here are some of the possible causes of cramping during pregnancy:

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  • At the beginning of pregnancy , you may suffer pain or cramps very similar to menstrual periods, but if this pain becomes severe or does not disappear, it is necessary to consult your doctor
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  • During the growth of the belly, the uterus undergoes changes, so that the pain can occur and this can be confused with the type of pain that is experienced when you have menstrual cramps
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  • a Lot of women react differently during the period of pregnancy, and many factors have to do with it, however, it is clear that hormonal changes can trigger a series of reactions such as swelling, changes in digestion, pressure in the uterus by the growth of the baby, the constipation, among other changes that normally occur during this period, for this reason, it is recommended to consult your doctor about questions or concerns that arise, in addition, if you have the chance to experience menstrual cramps and If this is accompanied by bleeding, you should go to the doctor immediately
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  • During pregnancy there may be contractions or tightness irregular in the muscles of the uterus, these contractions are known as contractions “Braxton-Hicks” or contractions false labour

This article has listed all that you should know about menstrual cramps, it should not be a concern that every month causes us to feel anxiety or stress, on the contrary, you can live with them and be prepared as soon as they appear, the prevention in terms of proper diet, exercise and drinking water, it is vital to face them.