Gastrite Diet: foods to avoid and allow

gastritis is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach that can be produced by some medications, alcohol, tobacco, stress, consumption of usual food irritants or infection of bacteria. gastritis can be either acute or chronic. The nutritional treatment for this disease consists of a scheme smooth and light.

There are two causes that are common in most of the cases:

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  • Gastritis caused by a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori
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  • Gastritis caused by the use of anti-inflammatory non-steroidal (Nsaids).

How do I know if I have gastritis?

This disease can be diagnosed through tests of endoscopy and biopsy to detect the presence of bacteria Helicubacter Pylori and inflammation of the gastric mucosa. In addition, the patient is queried for the consumption of Nsaids and alcohol, because this scenario makes you a good candidate for the gastritis. However, there are symptoms that are common to people with gastritis acute or chronic:

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  • abdominal Pain.
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  • Acidity.
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  • Pain when eating food irritants, such as hot peppers, preparations, spicy, etc.
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  • Pain when you consume foods that are stimulants, such as coffee, energy drinks or tea.
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  • Nausea, and vomiting.
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  • abdominal Distension or abdominal.
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  • Loss of appetite.
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  • Indigestion.
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  • Stool with blood (brown in color).

What is the treatment for gastritis?

The treatment for gastritis varies according to the cause of this:

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  • If the cause is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, the treatment consists in the administration of a combination of antibiotics that seeks to kill this microorganism.
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  • If the cause of gastritis is Nsaid, your treatment will be the suspension of these medicines in the first instance, and the administration of antacids, antihistamines or proton pump inhibitors
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  • A treatment that is common regardless of the cause of gastritis is the modification of the power supply, excluding certain food groups.

nutritional Treatment of gastritis

The nutritional treatment of gastritis does not attack the underlying cause, but reduces the symptoms and helps to improve the gastric mucosa. Here are some nutritional recommendations general if you have gastritis:

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  • do Not consume fried foods while they remain for a longer time in the stomach and stimulate the secretion of acid causing pain. Cook the food in the oven, steamed or in the pan.
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  • do Not add oil to foods that already contain fat, for example, if you prepare a broth, will not be necessary to add oil.
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  • Fraction of your food, eat several times a day (6 times) in small quantities each time. Do not miss meals.
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  • Consumes all the cooked food to avoid any type of infection and damage to the gastric mucosa.
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  • Assess your tolerance to certain foods and to incorporate it gradually in small quantities. For example, fruits and cooked vegetables, garlic in the meals, etc.
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  • Due to damage of the coating of the gastric mucosa, can be produced by a deficiency of vitamin B12 that is absorbed thanks to the intrinsic factor secreted in the stomach. To avoid this, eat foods such as lean beef, skimmed milk and eggs.
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  • to Stop smoking cigarettes.
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  • Avoid drinking alcohol.

If you have gastritis, avoid the following foods

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  • Foods high in fats, such as cookies, creams, mayonnaise, butter, butter, sausages, etc. As the fats slow down gastric emptying, food stays longer in the stomach, contributing to the discomfort.
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  • Chocolate, vinaigrette, mustard and dressings. Are food irritants that will encourage the inflammation existing in the mucous membrane of the stomach.
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  • alcohol-free Drinks, coffee, tea, citrus fruits, alcohol, since favor the irritation of the mucous membrane of the stomach.
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  • Fruits very acidic such as orange, kiwi, lemon, etc.

You can eat the following:

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  • Meat, chicken, turkey and fish. Lean meats (steak, steak, spine smooth, trowel, crowbar, goose, goose) and birds without the skin. Ground, chopped or crumbled.
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  • Vegetables: excluding the agents of weathering (cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, onion, garlic, peas, corn) and irritants (onions, garlic, red pepper, green pepper). Baked, grated or minced. Example: pudding, tortillas, salads.
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  • Fruits: you must delete the weather (pear, cucumber, etc.) and acids (kiwi, oranges). Boiled, crushed, grated, minced or powdered.
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  • Farinaceous: you can consume the starch of maize, chuño, grains, noodles are fine.
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  • Cereal: it is permissible to rice, pasta, potatoes. Do not eat potato chips.
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  • Vegetables: you must go through the sieve, since the skin of the pulses is too heavy for your stomach, the test according to your tolerance. It can be like soup, puree or cream.
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  • Oil: add raw when the preparation does not contain quantities of fat and small.
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  • Crackers, bread, soda or water: prefers white bread.
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  • Milk, yogurt, cheese and cheese: squamous or semi-desnatadas according to your tolerance.
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  • Egg: just clean and then add the button according to your tolerance. It should be cooked.
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  • Liquids: water, herbal teas and juice from cooked fruit.

recommended Diet for gastritis:

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  • Breakfast: 1 glass of skimmed milk + 6 biscuits soda with jelly peach.
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  • Collation: 1 cup of fruit stewed.
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  • Lunch: 1 cup of salad of pumpkin in Italian. 100 grams of roasted chicken with ¾ cup of rice. For dessert a jelly.
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  • Collation: 1 yogurt non-fat with 2 tablespoons of oats.
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  • Eleven: 1 glass of fruit juice and baked and 2 slices of bread with bread.
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  • Dinner: 1 cup salad of green beans. 1 small dish of pudding fish more of a compote of fruit.

Remember that the gastritis may have multiple causes. It is essential that the diagnosis is made by your doctor, who will determine the pharmacological treatment most appropriate for your case. If you have any of the symptoms mentioned here, I recommend that you go to the doctor, because a timely diagnosis can prevent complications as serious as a cancer.

The nutritional treatment is complementary to medical treatment and does not seek to eliminate the cause of your gastritis, but reduce the symptoms, complications and discomforts caused by the inflammation of the gastric mucosa.