Health effects of violence against women

according To the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 35% of women around the world (one in three) have suffered some type of violence, physical, emotional or sexual, which Has serious repercussions on your health.

In most cases, the abuse comes from the couple and the problem can arise from dating during the teenage years.

“violence against women is any act of gender-based violence that results in, or may result in harm, physical, sexual or psychological for a woman, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life “, explained the United Nations.

violence

violence can occur in different ways, but there are two that are the most marked:

    the

  • Violence double: is the behavior of the couple or ex-partner that causes physical harm, sexual or psychological. There may be psychological abuse and behaviour control.
  • the

  • sexual Violence : it is the attempt to consummate a sexual act, or another directed against the sexuality of a person through coercion on the part of another person, regardless of the relationship you have with the victim. The penetration is included in any part of the body, whether with the penis or any object.

risk Factors

violence against women can occur in any field, regardless of social class, environment, or age.

however, it is more common in people or places that have the following characteristics:

    the

  • to Live with perpetrators or victims of violence
  • the

  • Exposure to child abuse
  • the

  • Disorders of anti-social personality
  • the

  • Has suffered family violence
  • the

  • Abusing alcohol
  • the

  • Has many partners at the same time or inspire suspicions of infidelity
  • the

  • Attitudes of acceptance of violence
  • the

  • Discord and dissatisfaction in the marriage
  • the

  • communication Problems between the couple
  • the

  • Ideologies that enshrine the privileges sexual man
  • the

  • The lightness of legal sanctions against acts of violence

If the violence does not stop, the victim may suffer several problems in your physical and emotional health, which can lead to fatal results, like homicide or suicide.

in addition, the following problems may occur:

    the

  • Injuries such as blows, fractures or deep wounds that may require surgery.
  • the

  • unwanted Pregnancy, induced abortions, gynaecological problems and sexually transmitted infections, such as herpes, human papilloma virus, or HIV.
  • the

  • fetal Death, premature birth, or babies of low birth weight if the mother is attacked during pregnancy.
  • the

  • Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, insomnia, eating disorders, and suicide attempts. The risk of alcoholism increases two times.
  • the

  • headaches, lombago, abdominal pain, fibromyalgia, gastrointestinal disorders, mobility limitations, and general health.
  • the

  • If the violence suffered during childhood, increases the likelihood of using alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, in addition to having risky sexual practices.

How to prevent?

Due to the rates of assaults and feminicídios registered annually, were developed in prevention programs and response; however, they were not sufficient.

“more resources Are needed to strengthen the prevention and response to violence from intimate partners and to sexual violence, in particular primary prevention, that is, to prevent it”, says the WHO.

The key, mentions the WHO, is primary prevention, that is, the instillation of the basic school to avoid dating relationships are destructive.

the Other strategies proposed are: those that combine economic empowerment of women with training in gender equality; and those that promote communication and interpersonal relations in the community; those that reduce the consumption of alcohol and other harmful substances, and those that change the cultural norms in terms of gender.

Despite this, are still necessary laws and policies that include the following: