The increased levels of pollution in cities like Madrid, has increased the activity of the emergency department between 5% and 10%, and the sick who suffer are, in addition to breathing, the heart that is descompensan and destabilized by the stress outside when they are subjected to.
These are the health consequences of the ‘cap’ that has been covered in recent months some Spanish cities, as pointed out by the vice-president of the Spanish Society of Medicine of Urgencies and Emergencies of Madrid (Shemesh), Carmen of the Arc.
With the heat and with the accumulation of suspended particles that we inhale, in the emergency room, according to The Arc, chief of the emergency department of the hospital La Princesa of Madrid, is seeing an increase of cases linked more to the pollution of the pictures infectious, characteristic of this time of year.
“Before came the flu soon and it was the one that unleashed a surge of emergency, but now -explains the doctor – with this level of pollution are more cases of patients who descompensan of other problems: patients with vascular diseases, cardiac disease, angina, heart attacks, cerebral hemorrhages, stroke,”.
The pollution has become a risk factor for these patients because some of the particles found in the air, such as nitrogen dioxide, generate “some effect on them that destabilizes its balance”.
it is Also a risk factor for the patients breathing, because it sharpens your pictures of asthma or COPD, so some have to go to the er, although to a lesser extent than expected.
These patients, as indicated by Efe the neumóloga Carmen Diego, coordinator of the environment area of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (Separ), can be noted “more fatigue and shortness of breath” until the rain drag all the particles in suspension.
Up to this point, many of them, treated with inhalers, they will have to use more rescue medication, and even taking antibiotics and steroids or by going in last term to a health centre or hospital.
also Sensitive to pollution are children and the elderly: “The first because they have a breathing apparatus still in training, and the seconds for their chronic diseases”, according to Diego.
Several studies also show that exposure to pollution can slow down the cognitive development in children and accelerate the cognitive loss in the elderly, and in pregnant women increases the incidence of respiratory infections in the first two or three years of the children.
long-term, in addition, it has been shown that exposure to “it is a risk factor of lung cancer”, according to the neumóloga.
what you can then say that the pollution reduces life years?. As has been pointed out to Efe the doctor in Biostatistics Xavier Basagaña, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (Creal), some estimates quantify the reduction in life expectancy due to exposure to fine particles in the EU in 8 months.
“The contamination contributes to aging because of its cumulative exposure leads to a worse cardiovascular health, respiratory and cognitive, which reduce the expectancy of life”, according to Basagaña, this centre develops epidemiological research advanced environmental factors that affect health.
The recent report, “air Quality in Europe-2015” of the European Environment Agency, last November, as underlined to Efe Jesus of the Osa, coordinator of the Observatory of Health and Environment, DKV Insurance, indicates that in Europe are attributable to air pollution a 524.000 premature deaths.
Of them, for the most part, a few 432.000, fine particulate matter (PM2,5), 17.000 tropospheric ozone(O3) and 75,000 to nitrogen dioxide (NO2)
In Spain these data represent 33.200 premature deaths attributable to poor air quality (25.500 for PM2,5, to 1,800 by O3 and 5.900 for NO2)