The Spanish population lives more and more, but also live more years sick and with pains: the life expectancy in Spain has increased from 77 years in 1990 to 81,7 in 2013, while the healthy life-expectancy, absence of disease, been made from 66,4 to 70,1 years. “it Is a good news the fact that the life expectancy of Spanish is increasing, but at the same time is increasing the loss of health from diseases or ailments related to age”, he said to Efe, Alberto Ortiz, vice-dean research of the Faculty of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Madrid and co-author of the study that collected this data and other data of a total of 188 countries.
The results, for those who have been taken into account 306 diseases, various statistics and have been applied to algorithms, published in the journal The Lancet, which puts Spain in 2013 at the position 13 in terms of life expectancy (with Andorra in first, Japan in second, Argentina, 63 Brazil and the post 78).
In healthy life expectancies in Spain is in the top 10 (first Japan and Singapore; Argentina is 54, and Brazil 85). In these two rankings Spain is not the only mediterranean country that appears in the posts above, are also Italy, Malta, Cyprus or France. According to Ortiz, the influence of the mediterranean diet and the intake of fish could be the explanation.
The increase of life expectancy and the expectancy of healthy life, and that have not done so at the same pace, it is not only a thing of Spain, the same thing has happened in the rest of the countries, less in those with conflicts, as in Syria, where the healthy life-expectancy in 2013 was not much higher than that of 1990.
The global data show that the overall life expectancy at birth has increased in both sexes 6.2 years on average in the world (65,3 in 1990 to 71.5 in 2013), while the expectancy of healthy life has done so by 5.4 years (from 56,9 to 62.3 in 2013).
The expectancy of healthy life has not experienced such a drastic increase as the life expectancy and, as a result, the population living more years with disease and disability. This fact is especially observed in the case of Spain, according to this study: the increase of life expectancy in men since 1990 (5.7 years) was higher than that of women (3.8 years). However, in the case of the healthy life-expectancy, the increase was smaller: the men won 4.5 years, and women 2.9 years.
The life expectancy of women in Spain still exceeds that of men: 84.4 years, compared to 79 men. Another of the things that makes this study is to establish the main causes of loss of health.
In Spain, the main causes in 2013 were low back pain, neck pain, coronary heart disease, diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), alzheimer’s disease, depressive disorders, lung cancer, diseases of the organs of the senses, such as vision loss, hearing loss and falls.
low back pain, neck pain, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and COPD were among the main causes of loss of health in the world.
The causes of loss of health differ according to the gender also in Spain. In the case of men, the leading causes were ischemic heart disease, low back pain, neck pain, lung cancer, diabetes, and COPD. In the case of women, low back pain, neck pain, coronary heart disease, diabetes, depressive disorders and alzheimer’s disease. “it is Not enough for the spaniards to live longer, we want to have longer lives but also more healthy. Identifying the diseases that cause the greatest loss of health, we will be able to design interventions that address more effectively these ailments,”, according to Ortiz in a note by the Institute for the Measurement and Evaluation of the Health of the University of Washington, who directs this research.
the study also examined The role of status, demographic characteristics at the time of determining the loss of health: this status represents more than half of the observed differences between countries, although with less intensity in diabetes and cardiovascular disease