Acidity of the Stomach: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and Remedies

Acidity or heartburn is that burning sensation that rises from the stomach to the mouth, and that the majority of adults will experience some time in their life.

we All sofrimos of heartburn eating any food, however, for people who have this condition is recurrent, it is best to consult your doctor, as it can be gastritis or an illness that requires special treatment.

In Mexico, the acidity affects 40% of the adult population ( 1 ) and it is estimated that 20% of adults in the United States also suffer from it; often accompanied by pain, the product of gastroesophageal reflux that damages the lining of the stomach and esophageal.

Some of the symptoms of heartburn, such as chest pain and palpitations, are similar to those of a heart attack. In fact, some people who suffer a heart attack, you think that it is a problem of heartburn ( 2 ).

Causes of heartburn

This condition is caused by problems in the opening and closing of the lower esophageal sphincter (IAS) or cardia, which does not meet efficiently their task of containing the gastric juice in the stomach.

Under normal conditions, the EEI controls the movement that lets the food enter the stomach, through the esophagus and closes once the food has entered completely.

in cases in which the cardia is not properly closed or has a very great opening, the gastric juices may drip and cause gastric reflux.

To the extent that this acid moves towards the esophagus, it produces pain and eructos, accompanied by a burning sensation.

When the juices of the stomach remain in contact with the coating disease for some time, the inflammatory process can worsen, causing a pain that is progressively worsening.

Within a gastroesophageal reflux disease, the majority of people does not present major damage or inflammation and can be considered as a normal situation.

what causes the WAS not working correctly

The exact cause of gastroesophageal reflux is not known, but it was found that there are some important factors:

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  • Overdoing it all at once.
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  • Drink alcoholic beverages.
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  • hiatal Hernia, pathology where a portion of the stomach passes over the diaphragm (the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity).
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  • To change the call “connection the gut-brain”, which is affected by high levels of stress.
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  • Ingestion of medicines for dizziness, hypertension, Parkinson’s disease, bronchodilators, contraceptives, sedatives and antidepressants.
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  • Pregnant. More than half of women experience heartburn during pregnancy, caused by pressure of the fetus on the digestive organs and the hormonal fluctuations.

Symptoms that accompany heartburn

Some people with gastroesophageal reflux may present with symptoms / or breathing, such as chest pain, nausea morning, difficulty swallowing, dry cough and breathing problems.

The symptoms are usually temporary, extremely uncomfortable and painful, and occur mainly during the night or after a lavish meal, with high fat content, spicy foods and alcohol .

it is Also common to feel discomfort when getting up, during a fold, lying and facing ( 3 ).

the most common Symptoms and irritating stomach acid

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  • burning Sensation and pain in the chest area.
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  • Discomfort in the abdominal area above.
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  • Pain stomach after eating.
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  • Feeling of pain that goes up the stomach and can reach the throat.
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  • Regurgitation, or the sensation of acid in the back of the throat or mouth.
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  • Cries bitter in the mouth.
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  • Excessive stomach.
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  • Blur eructos and nausea, symptoms suggestive of dyspepsia.

Although the acidity is occasional it is not a medical emergency, is frequent and continuous, and may cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) chronic, which can lead to serious problems if not treated.

Typically, this situation improves to make change of diet or style of life, helping with some medicines to control the symptoms.

A minimum percentage of people with GERD, due to the constant irritation of acid in the esophagus, it can suffer a permanent scar and narrowing in the throat that produces changes in the quality of the cells esophageal, which causes:

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  • Loss of weight and appetite.
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  • Vomiting with blood.
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  • Changing in the stool.
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  • Pain and difficulty in swallowing.
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  • Development of cancer cells.

The resulting image of this change is called Barrett’s esophagus, which affects 5% of people who suffer from chronic gastroesophageal reflux.

Remedies for heartburn

For people who suffer from heartburn occasional and not have drugs available, they can do the following:

1. Eat small portions during the day

excessive intake of food increases the pressure in the stomach, stimulating it to produce more gastric juice. In addition, are difficult to digest food, such as those that contain a lot of fat.

If the stomach is full, the LES can open or does not close completely, and allow a little of the acid flows into the esophagus, causing burning sensation and inflammation in the tissues.

There are many people whose last meal is the most abundant of the day, which can be a trigger of reflux disease.

The excess weight and obesity have been associated with the one more prone to heartburn due to the increased intra-abdominal pressure, hormonal factors, and incidence of hiatal hernia.

A study published in The New England Journal of Medicine in 2006 showed that there is a risk of two to three times higher that individuals with overweight and obesity have GERD than the general population.

individuals with normal weight increased the risk of heartburn when they gained weight.

In women of normal weight, which increased the weight from 4.5 to 6.8 kilos, increased the risk of suffering from heartburn by 40%. On the other hand, you lose the 4.5 to 6.8 kilos saw a decrease in the frequency of acidity in the same percentage.

Therefore, in cases in which a patient suffers from excess weight and obesity, a weight reduction will help to decrease significantly the acidity of the gastric and GERD.

Avoid the weight gain and over eating during the dinner, distributing food in a balanced way during the day. In the same way, it is recommended that the breakfast and the lunch to be vigorous, and a light snack and healthy, before dinner, to calm the anxiety and not eating too much during the night.

it Is better to divide the meals into four, five or even six times, to promote the work of the stomach and decrease acid secretion.

2. Restrict foods that increase the secretion of stomach acid

There are foods that can increase the production of gastric juice, so it is advisable to decrease them in quantity and frequency:

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  • Frying with high amount of oils of lower quality, which should be replaced by the oils more healthy, such as olive, safflower, sunflower and corn.
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  • processed Foods in general, moreover, those which contain a large number of artificial sweeteners, preservatives and flavorings, for example, cereals, muffins, crackers, and potato chips.
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  • Citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons and limes.
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  • Garlic and onions.
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  • and Coffee caffeine .
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  • alcoholic Beverages.

You need to switch to a healthy diet based on:

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  • Vegetables of green leaves.
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  • Variety of vegetables rich in starch like potatoes.
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  • Fruits, such as berries.
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  • Probiotics.

healthy fats are another important aid against heartburn, since the consumption of coconut oil and wild fish is well tolerated by people who suffer from heartburn and GERD.

The diet GAPS (Gut and Psychology Syndrome), based on the fact that psychological diseases arise from a mismatch of the bowel, eliminate all kinds of cereals and foods with sugar.

it Is widely used in patients who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux, and other digestive disorders, which have implications for physical and psychological.

The food dietary GAPS, which include:

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  • fresh Vegetables and organic, encouraging the consumption of people that contain prebiotic fiber, such as asparagus, artichokes, cucumbers, fennel, pumpkin, and squash.
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  • healthy Fats like coconut oil, ghee and avocado.
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  • animal Protein of high quality, such as chickens reared outdoor and fed cattle pasture.
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  • wild Fish, such as salmon, tuna and sardines.
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  • Broth of the bone, which is rich in nutrients like collagen, glutamine, glycine and proline, which contribute to the regenerative process of the stomach lining.
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  • Vegetables such as Aloe vera, parsley, fennel, and ginger.
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  • Honey
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  • Products with cultures milk is not pasteurized, such as yoghurt, kefir and cheeses raw, very important to balance the microbiota.
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  • Vegetables fermented with probiotic highly beneficial, such as sauerkraut and kimchi, as well as beverages such as tea Kombucha.
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  • apple cider Vinegar, even more if it’s organic, it helps to balance the degree of acidity in the level gastric cancers.
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  • Nuts like almonds.
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  • Infusions varied chamomile, papaya, ginger and fennel.

3. Managing your stress level

stress is a problem that acts as a powerful trigger hormone, with effects on all organs, including the immune system and the digestive system.

The chronic state of stress is closely related with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and heartburn. This was corroborated by a study published in the Journal of Digestive Diseases and Sciences of 2013, which reported disturbances in esophagitis of reflux and its severity to the level of stress (11).

One of the hormones most affected is serotonin, which directly affects the production of neurotransmitters, which alter the information on the level of the gut brain, with implications in gastric.

As a consequence of these hormonal changes, high levels of stress and lack of sleep can increase the production of gastric juice, heartburn and GERD. In addition, stress can inhibit the gastric emptying.

For similar reasons, the syndrome of chronic fatigue, caused by chronic stress, increases the heartburn.

A study of a group of adults with heartburn, stress, severe exhaustion during a period of six months was associated with an increase in the acidity over the four subsequent months.

You can control your style of life, looking for the source of the problem and using techniques of deep breathing, acupuncture, massage therapy, meditation, relaxing essential oils, etc.

Read our guide to the 16 simple ways to relieving stress and anxiety

4. Medications causing acidity

There are medicines that can worsen heartburn as birth control pills, or some medications for high blood pressure.

Smoking also exacerbates the situation, relaxing the ERA and facilitating the flow of acid into the esophagus (9,12,13,14).

5. Use baking soda and water

sodium Bicarbonate has properties that prevent reflux and reduce its symptoms, because it has a pH higher than 7.0, able to neutralize the acidity in the stomach.

Ingredients:

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  • Half a spoon of sodium bicarbonate.
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  • A glass of water.

Instructions:

Mix half a tablespoon of baking soda in a glass of water, mix until the powder is well incorporated with the water and drink the entire mixture.

Read our article about the Properties and Benefits of Bicarbonate of Soda

6. Use Aloe Vera Gel Aloe Vera

Since ancient times, the gel of aloe vera was used to alleviate burns, external and internal, so it is excellent to relieve the discomfort caused by heartburn.

Ingredients:

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  • A small piece of aloe.
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  • Half a liter of water.

Instructions:

Extract the gel from the bunch of aloe, place it in a blender with half a liter of water and mix until incorporated. Drink slowly.

7. Chewing gum

according To the Journal of Dental Research, it was found that patients with gastroesophageal reflux, after chewing gum for thirty minutes soon after eating, had improvement in discomfort.

8. Apple cider vinegar and water

The vinegar is acid and although it seems contradictory, add more acid to the stomach helps the esophageal sphincter to open and close properly, preventing the reflux.

Ingredients:

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  • A tablespoon of apple cider vinegar.
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  • A glass with 8 ounces of water.
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  • A tablespoon of honey.

Instructions: Add the tablespoon of vinegar and honey to the glass of water, mix well and lightweight.

Attention: This remedy works only when the acidity is to some food, if you do not know the cause of their discomfort or suffering gastritis, and this method is not for you.

These two foods contain antacids natural that help to neutralize completely the acidity. Eat a banana or an apple helps a lot in the backflow constant because, thanks to its consistency, the acidity is concentrated in the fruit and decreases the burning in the stomach.

9. Eat a banana or apple

in order For this remedy to take effect, you must break the fruit into two parts and eat one half first, wait five minutes and eat the other half to strengthen its benefits.

10. Ginger tea

Ingredients:

Instructions:

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  • ¾ medium ginger root
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  • with Two cups water

Cut the pieces of the root into small pieces, add two cups of water and place it in the fire until boiling, let it cool down, stretch and go!

Attention: it is important that you do not let the ginger, long after the boil, as the root starts to give a bitter taste to water and may cause acidity.

Read our article sonbe Ginger Tea Benefits

The mustard is alkaline, full of minerals and a weak acid is very similar to that of vinegar. Thanks to its properties, it will help to neutralize the acid that may rise to your throat and burn it.

11. Mustard

Ingredients:

A small spoonful of mustard.

Instructions:

Although the taste of the mustard can prove quite strong, their benefits are worth.

Drinking chamomile tea after eating reduces the inflammation of the stomach and balances the acidity levels. You can buy a box of tea or boiling the leaves of chamomile, however, gives good results.

12. Chamomile tea

Ingredients:

Instructions:

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  • A spoonful of flowers of camomile.
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  • A glass of water.
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  • Honey.

Boil cup of water and add the teaspoon of petals of chamomile, dried, let them soak for a minute or two, stretch it and add the honey.

Another good option is to take capsules of betaine, which helps you digest food and to fight against the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.

13. Betaine

14. Taking a cup of yogurt

it Is proven that only eat ten almonds helps in managing the symptoms of irritating reflux, such as dizziness, nausea and acidity. It is a good idea to carry a bag of almonds to eat when the first symptoms begin to appear.

15. Eat a Cup of Almonds

Although, we said that it is essential to take care of your diet and decrease the levels of stress, some of the aids extras arriving very well to control the heartburn irritating:

The best natural supplements that help control stomach acid

They facilitate the digestive process and nutrient absorption, preventing the accumulation of gastric acid. You can take one or two capsules before eating, until the condition improves.

They are very useful to optimize the digestive process. One capsule of 650 mg is ingested before each meal.

in Addition to the intake of probiotic foods, it is advisable to take 25 to 50 billion probiotic bacteria per day, in order to shift the harmful bacteria of the intestine.

magnesium has been proven to help relax the muscles, reducing stress. At the same time, improves the quality of sleep, facilitates digestion and prevents the malfunction of the heart.

L-glutamine is an amino acid that helps in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease and facilitates the healing of digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis.

The recommended dose is 5 milligrams of powdered glutamine with meals, two times per day.

heartburn and GERD do not need to be constants in your life, because with a few changes in your lifestyle, you will help you get excellent benefits for your health and well-being in general.

Have questions or comments? Go ahead.

additional Points to avoid stomach acid

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  • do Not wear tight clothing in the area of the abdomen, even though it is sporty, because it will tighten up the stomach, stimulating the flows to raise the throat and burn it.
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  • Avoid tobacco actively or passively, and the smoke stimulates the stomach acids, especially fasting
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  • do Not drink alcohol, there is no substance that burns the stomach more than alcoholic beverages.
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  • Not deitem after eating. Erroneously, many people think that sleeping after eating helps counter the acidity, but the pressure and the position in bed stimulate the acidity.

we Follow in contact.

it Works by absorbing water and forming a gel. This gel slows the movement of food through your digestive tract ( 61 , 62 , 63 , 64 ).