The symptoms of gastritis in most of the occasions are manifested, but there are times when they are not expressed, so do not trust.
The symptoms of gastritis when they appear are annoying and are due to an inflammation in the mucous membrane of the stomach, its causes are numerous, as well as the form of presentation, evolution and prognosis.
If the gastritis is not treated, it can cause blood loss through vomiting or stool, or, in some cases, there is an increased risk of developing gastric cancer.
what causes the appearance of symptoms of gastritis?
The symptoms of gastritis appear in most of the times associated with the factors infectious, irritative, autoimmune disorders, and others a little less frequent.
Among infectious causes, the caused by Helicobacter pylori are among the most frequent. This bacterium inhabits the stomach lining and can cause gastritis, ulcers and even cancer when not treated properly.
There are viruses such as cytomegalovirus and the herpes virus simple can also be associated with the symptoms of gastritis, especially in those with deficiencies in the immune system.
There are medications such as aspirin and some antiinflammatory drugs non-steroidal such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
Symptoms of gastritis can occur as a result of the abuse of alcohol, coffee, yerba mate or guarana. Also the excessive intake of soft drinks with phosphoric acid or phosphates.
There are some conditions produced by autoimmune disorders, including pernicious anemia. This type of anemia results from the lack of a substance essential to the use of vitamin B12.
There are other causes, though less common, can also be the source of symptoms of gastritis, including bile reflux, cocaine use, trauma, renal failure and stress very serious.
What are the symptoms of gastritis?
The symptoms of gastritis are very variable because, in many cases, are accompanied by lesions in the inner layer of the stomach and, according to the extension of the allocation, will be its manifestations.
The most common symptoms of gastritis are burning sensation and pain in the upper part of the abdomen in the area known as the epigastrium, above the umbilicus. May be accompanied by vomiting and dizziness.
Acidência or burning is one of the most common symptoms, is usually relieved with the consumption of food, but an hour or two after eating foods appear to pass into the duodenum, and the hydrochloric acid remains in the stomach.
In many cases, you feel a sense of indigestion and distension of the abdomen. Hiccups and loss of appetite may also occur.
If the gastritis is associated with lesions ulcerosas, can occur vomiting blood or black stools, as the coffee.
again the person may have gastritis and no evidence that his gastric mucosa is inflamed, and, in these cases, can only be detected by endoscopy.
As the symptoms of gastritis vary according to your type?
Basically, gastritis is grouped into two basic types, the acute, which are much more frequent. The symptoms of this type of gastritis have a appearance sudden, and its duration is short.
on the other hand, the symptoms of gastritis chronic manifest themselves for months or years, and is long lasting.
The most frequent causes of gastritis acute are infectious, among them the produced by Helicobacter pylori. It occurs suddenly as a pain in the upper part of the abdomen, can be accompanied by vomiting or desire to vomit. The lack of appropriate treatment can become chronic.
there May be other various types of microorganisms that cause the symptoms of gastritis acute.
Among the chronic gastritis, there are two fundamental types of autoimmune disease that is localized in the body and fundus of the stomach, and almost always is linked to pernicious anemia.
Also included are cases of chronic gastritis caused by the presence of Helicobacter pylori, mainly located at the entrance of the stomach and in the elderly may occupy the whole mucous membrane. Among the chronicles are also those caused by chemical agents, irritativas and erosive.
There is a third group of gastritis is less frequent among them are isolated linfocíticas, eosinophilic rhinosinusitis, Crohn’s disease, sarcoidosis, and gastritis granulomatous.
When there are symptoms of gastritis as is confirmed his presence?
When you visit the doctor’s office, you will be asked about the symptoms and you will have a clinical examination, but in most cases does not allow the diagnosis of gastritis.
If the doctor suspects the presence of gastritis will indicate an endoscopic examination. To perform this test is placed a small camera at the end of a flexible pipe that must pass through the mouth. With this procedure, you can view the interior of the stomach and, therefore, determine whether it affects their mucous membrane, the extent and characteristics of the lesions.
sometimes, it is necessary to do a biopsy of the affected areas, to make the study of pathological, which allows us to conclude the type of injury that is treated.
You will also receive blood tests to determine if your levels of hemoglobin and red blood count are within normal limits and stool to detect if blood is present in them.
If Helicabacter pylori is suspected, immunological tests will be indicated, and, still more precise are the tests of Carbon-14 in the exhaled air to determine its presence or not.
what to do before the symptoms of gastritis?
Before the symptoms of gastritis, the most advisable is to investigate the causes that motivate and enforce compliance with the treatment indicated. If you are experiencing the symptoms alarming, such as vomiting blood or blood in the stool, you should immediately go to an emergency room.
In most cases, the symptoms of gastritis will improve with the appropriate treatments, but, depending on the cause, will be its prognosis.